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vz. 58
Sa 58-JH01
vz. 58 P (with composite stock, pistol grip, and handguards; new sling).
Type Assault rifle
Place of origin Czechoslovakia
Service history
In service 1959–present
Used by Communist forces
Wars Vietnam War[1]
Production history
Designer Jiří Čermák
Designed 1956–1958
Manufacturer Česká zbrojovka
Produced 1959–1984
Number built Approx. 920,000
Variants See Variants
Specifications
Weight 2.91 kg (Script error lb)
Length vz. 58 P: 845 mm (Bad rounding hereScript error in)
vz. 58 V 845 mm (Script error in) stock extended / 636 mm (Script error in) stock folded
1,000 mm (Script error in) with bayonet fixed
Barrel length 390 mm (Script error in)
Width 57 mm (Script error in) stock extended
72 mm (Script error in) stock folded
Height 255 mm (Script error in)

Cartridge 7.62×39mm M43
Action Gas-operated, falling breechblock
Rate of fire 800 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 705 m/s (Script error ft/s)
Muzzle energy: 1988 J
Effective range 100–800 m sight adjustments
Maximum range 2,800 m
Feed system Staggered 30-round detachable box magazine, weight 0.19 kg (Bad rounding hereScript error lb) unloaded
Sights Open-type iron sights with sliding rear tangent and shrouded front post
353 mm (Script error in) sight radius

The vz. 58 is a 7.62mm assault rifle designed and manufactured in Czechoslovakia and accepted into service in the late 1950s as the 7,62 mm samopal vzor 58 ("7.62mm submachine gun model 1958"), replacing the vz. 52 self-loading rifle and the 7.62×25mm Tokarev vz. 24 and vz. 26 submachine guns. The vz. 58 externally resembles the Soviet AK-47 but is internally a substantially different design based on a short-stroke gas piston, which shares no parts with the Kalashnikov design.[2]

HistoryEdit

Development of the weapon began in 1956; leading the project was chief engineer Jiří Čermák assigned to the Konstrukta Brno facility in the city of Brno. The Soviet Union had begun insisting that the Warsaw Pact forces standardize on a common ammunition. As a result, the prototype, known as the "Koště" ("broom"), was designed to chamber the intermediate Soviet 7.62×39mm M43 cartridge, rather than the Czech 7.62×45mm vz. 52 round, used in both the earlier vz. 52 rifle and the vz. 52 light machine gun.[3] The assault rifle entered service in 1958 and over a period of 25 years (until 1984), over 920,000 weapons had been produced, fielded by the armed forces of Czechoslovakia, Cuba and several other Asian and African nations.

The vz. 58 was produced in three main variants: the standard vz. 58 P (Pěchotní or "infantry") model with a fixed buttstock made of a synthetic material (wood impregnated plastic, older versions used a wooden stock), the vz. 58 V (Výsadkový—"airborne"), featuring a side-folding metal shoulder stock, folded to the right side, and the vz. 58 Pi (Pěchotní s infračerveným zaměřovačem—"infantry with infrared sight"), which is similar to the vz. 58 P but includes a receiver-mounted dovetail bracket (installed on the left side of the receiver) used to attach an NSP2 night sight; it also has a detachable folding bipod and an enlarged conical flash suppressor.

A successor to the vz. 58 was proposed in the 1990s; the 5.56×45mm NATO ČZ 2000 assault rifle has been suggested as a possible replacement but due to a general lack of defense funds within the Czech Republic, the program was postponed. Another recent contender is the ČZW-556 assault rifle and ČZW-762 light machine gun which both use lever-delayed blowback which has more reliable accuracy and performance over the gas operation.

Design detailsEdit

Operating mechanismEdit

SA 58 FIELD STRIPPED

The vz. 58 field stripped

Aktivni zalohy ACR

Members of Active Reserve of the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic armed with vz.58

The vz. 58 is a selective fire gas-operated weapon that bleeds expanding combustion gases generated in the barrel from the ignited cartridge through a port drilled in the barrel, 215 mm (Script error in) from the chamber, opening into a hollow cylinder located above the barrel that contains a short-stroke piston. The vz. 58 does not have a gas regulator and the full force of the gas pressure is exerted on the piston head, propelling it backwards in a single impulsive blow. The piston is driven back only 19 mm (Script error in) when a shoulder on the piston rod butts against the seating and no further movement is possible. There is a light return spring held between the piston shoulder and the seating which returns the piston to its forward position. The gas cylinder is vented after the piston has traveled back 16 mm (Script error in) and the remaining gases are exhausted into the atmosphere on the underside of the cylinder via two ports. The entire piston rod is chromium-plated to prevent fouling.

The locking system features a falling breech lock hinged from the bolt and housed in the bolt carrier that contains two locking lugs which descend into and engage locking shoulders in the receiver's internal guide rails. The weapon is unlocked by the short tappet-like stroke of the piston rod as it strikes the bolt carrier and drives it rearwards. After 22 mm (Script error in) of unrestricted travel, a wedge-like surface on the bolt carrier moves under the breech locking piece and lifts it up and out of engagement with the locking recesses in the steel body. The breech locking piece swings up and this movement provides the leverage required for primary extraction. The breech block is then carried rearwards extracting the empty cartridge casing from the chamber. A fixed ejector passes through a groove cut in the underside of the bolt and the case is flung upwards clear of the gun.

FeaturesEdit

Sa 58-JH02

vz. 58 P

The spring-loaded extractor and firing pin are both housed inside the breech lock, while the fixed ejector is located at the base of the receiver.

The weapon does not have a conventional rotating hammer but is striker-fired and the striker is a steel bar hollowed from one end almost throughout its entire length to accommodate its own operating spring. At the open end of the striker, a plate is welded and there is a groove cut in each side of this to slide on the receiver guide rails. This hammer-striker enters the hollow bolt and drives a fully floating firing pin forward with each shot.[3]

The rifle uses a trigger mechanism with a lever-type fire mode selector, which is also a manual safety against accidental discharge. When the selector lever is placed in its rear position ("1"—single fire) the sear is disabled and the left striker catch is rotated by the disconnector, which is depressed by the bolt carrier after every shot and is therefore disconnected from the striker catch. The forward setting of the selector lever ("30"—automatic fire) disables the disconnector, and the left striker catch meshes with the sear mechanism. The center ("safe") setting with the selector lever pointing vertically downwards, mechanically lowers the trigger bar and the disconnector so there is no connection between the trigger and the semi-automatic sear which holds the hammer. The rifle also has an internal safety, which prevents the weapon from discharging when out of battery. The right striker-hammer catch disables the striker-hammer, and it can only be released by pulling the charging handle back and cocking the weapon.

The weapon is fed from a detachable box magazine with a 30-round cartridge capacity and made from a lightweight alloy.[3] When the last round from the magazine is fired, the bolt will remain locked open on the bolt catch, activated by the magazine's follower. The magazine release tab is located at the base of the receiver on the left side, behind the magazine well. The bolt carrier has a built-in guide rail used for reloading from 10-round stripper clips (from the SKS rifle). Despite their similarity, vz. 58 magazines are not interchangeable with those of the AK-47 and its derivatives.

An interesting feature on this rifle is the ability to quickly change the type of stock it has. The vz. 58 can appear with either a fixed wooden stock or a side-folding metal stock. Switching between the two requires merely removal of a pin at the rear of the receiver and swapping in the stock of choice.

SightsEdit

The rifle's iron sights consist of a fully adjustable front post and a tangent rear sight with a sliding notch with range denominations from 100 to 800 m, graduated every 100 m. Besides this, the left side of the rear sight leaf is marked with the letter "U" (univerzální meaning "universal"), for snap shooting, firing at moving targets and night combat at ranges up to 300 m. The rifle's sight radius is 15 inches (Bad rounding hereScript error cm).[3] The front sight base also serves as a mounting platform for the vz. 58 edged bayonet.

AccessoriesEdit

As of 2009 several Modernization Accessories have been manufactured for the vz. 58 platform from companies such as Neit Arms Inc and North Eastern Arms. Accessories include; Tactical Bolt Release, Extended and Ambidextrous Magazine Releases, Ambidextrous Selectors, Handguard sets with Lower 1/3 Cowitness, a wide assortment of Mounting options and Muzzle Brakes. Many of these items are currently being used by PMC Companies in the Middle East.

Additional equipment supplied with the rifle includes: 4 spare magazines, a magazine pouch, vz. 58 bayonet and scabbard, cleaning brush, muzzle cap, oil bottle, unified sling, front sight adjustment tool and a threaded blank-firing adaptor. The vz. 58 also has a proprietary bipod.

VariantsEdit

Sa 58-JH04

The vz. 58 V model features a side-folding shoulder stock. This particular rifle is also fitted with a railed handguard.

Czech KFOR (1)

The vz. 58 V model with a side-folding shoulder stock used by Czech Army soldiers in KFOR operation.

  • vz. 58 P: Standard fixed stock.
  • vz. 58 V: Metal folding stock version for vehicle crew and airborne units.
  • vz. 58 Pi: Has a mounting interface for an infrared night vision NSP-2 sight, fixed stock, cone flash hider and folding bipod.
  • Automatická puška ("automatic rifle") AP-Z 67: Experimental 7.62×51mm NATO caliber version developed in 1966.
  • Útočná puška ("assault rifle") ÚP-Z 70: Experimental 5.56×45mm NATO version developed in 1970.
  • Experimentální zbraň ("experimental weapon") EZ-B: Experimental bullpup prototype developed in 1976.
  • Ruční kulomet ("light machine gun") codename KLEČ ("dwarf pine"): Experimental variant with a 590 mm barrel (similar to RPK), developed in 1976.
  • Lehká odstřelovačská puška ("light sniper rifle") vz. 58/97: Experimental marksman rifle developed by VTÚVM Slavičín.
  • Samopal ("submachine gun") vz. 58/98 "Bulldog": 9×19mm Parabellum variant developed by VTÚVM Slavičín.
  • CZH 2003 Sport: Semi-automatic only variant for civilian consumption. Available with either a standard (390 mm) or shortened (295 mm) barrel. Limited production was made for the civilian market in Canada with an extended barrel length of (490 mm).
  • CZ 858 Tactical: A semi-automatic variant designed for the civilian market in Canada. Available with standard (390 mm) barrel length on the restricted -4V version, or extended (482 mm) barrel length on the -2 version. The barrel is not chrome-lined in the -2 version unlike the military and -4V version. External components have a new varnish coat (identical to the coating used on original military rifles).
  • FSN Series: Civilian semi-automatic variants. Available in standard (FSN-01, 390 mm), with or without folding stock (FSN-01F and FSN-01W, which has a wooden cheek piece), or shortened (279 mm) barrel lengths (also with folding stock), outer parts are blued.
  • VZ-58 Sporter Series: Available in 5.56 NATO, or 7.62×39mm, these carbines are made by Czech Small Arms, and not Česká zbrojovka.

ReferencesEdit

BibliographyEdit

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External linksEdit

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