The Type 54 pistol.
|Place of origin||People's Republic of China|
|Variants||Type 51, Type 54-1, M20, Model 213 (A,B), Model 201, TU-90|
|Weight||890 g (Script error oz)|
|Length||195 mm (Script error in)|
|Barrel length||116 mm (Script error in)|
|Action||Short recoil actuated, locked breech, single action|
|Muzzle velocity||420 m/s (Script error ft/s)|
|Effective range||50 m|
|Feed system||8-round detachable box magazine, 14-round box magazine (213A/B)|
|Sights|| Front blade, rear notch|
156 mm (Script error in) sight radius
The Type 54 (Traditional Chinese:54式手槍, Simplified Chinese: 54式手枪) and its variants(Type 51, M20, TU-90 and Model 213 pistols) are Chinese copies of the Soviet type Tokarev TT-33.
Type 54 was first adopted in 1951 and produced in Shenyang's Factory 66 as the improved version of the Type 51 (Chinese copy of the TT-33) using both Russian and Chinese-made parts after the Korean War. In 1954, after approximately 250,000 pistols were manufactured, the designation was changed to Type 54 and the pistol used exclusively indigenous components. This type of pistol is commonly available in 7.62x25mm caliber, although some variants have been made in 9x19mm Parabellum.
Though the QSZ-92 (Type 92) has replaced the Type 54 in the Army, the weapon is still in service in some of the Chinese armed forces (such as the People's Armed Police and some People's Liberation Army troops) today.
Type 54 pistol’s where smuggled into Japan in a significant quantity, often for use by the Yakuza. As a result, the Type 54 is infamous in Japan.
Norinco, the People's Liberation Army's state weapons manufacturer in China, still manufactures a commercial variant of the Tokarev pistol chambered in the more common 9x19mm Parabellum round, known as the Tokarev Model 213, as well as in the original 7.62x25mm caliber. It features a safety catch, which was absent on Soviet-produced TT-33 handguns. Furthermore, the Model 213 features the thin slide grip grooves, as opposed to the original Russian wide-types. The 9 mm model is featured with a magazine well block mounted in the rear of the magazine well to accept 9 mm type magazines without frame modification.
The Norinco model in current production is not available for sale in the United States due to import prohibitions on Chinese firearms, although older handguns of the Model 213 type imported in the 1980s and 1990s are common.
The M20 was a version of the Type 54 made without factory markings to conceal the weapon's origins. Many of these were provided to Vietnamese forces during the Vietnam War.
The TU-90 (also known as the NP-10 or Model 213-B) is an improved Model 213 similar to the Hungarian-designed, Egyptian-built Tokagypt of the 1960s. Construction is primarily of forged and machined steel, with a matte blued finish. The grips are of wrap-around rubber ribbed on the side.
Type 54 pistols are also known colloquially as "Black Star" pistols (Traditional Chinese:黑星手槍, Simplified Chinese: 黑星手枪).