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Plymouth CR-8
Power type Diesel
Builder Plymouth
Build date 1963/4*[n 1]
Total produced 10+
Gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Length 12.384 m (Bad rounding hereScript error ft) over couplers
Height 3.556 m (Bad rounding hereScript error ft)
Locomotive weight 52 t (Bad rounding hereScript error long tons;Bad rounding hereScript error short tons)*
45 to 65 {{{u}}} (Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "[". to Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "[". Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "[".; Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "[". to Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "[". t)‡[1][2][n 2]
Prime mover two General Motors 12V7
Engine type two-stroke diesel
Cylinders V12
Top speed 80 km/h (Bad rounding hereScript error mph)
Power output engine 500 hp (Bad rounding hereScript error kW)
@ 2100rpm
Tractive effort 155 kN (Bad rounding hereScript error lbf)
Career Royal State Railways of Siam (RSR)
US Army (vietnam)
Vietnam Railways (VR)
Number RSR : 2001-10
US army : 1988-1997[n 3]
VR : D10H 31 to D10H 40[n 3]
Withdrawn c. 1985
Notes
Sources: [4]
*Data refers to vietnam locos unless noted.[n 4]
‡ General data

The Plymouth CR-8 was a class of 4-axle B'B' centre cab locomotive, built by Plymouth Locomotive Works, USA

Several locomotives of type CR-8 have been used in the USA on industrial sites.

Ten units (CR-8b) were briefly operated in Thailand in the mid 1960s. During the vietnam war the units were operated by the US army in south vietnam, and after the end of the war became the property of the Vietnam Railways as class D10H.

A second class of Chinese built locomotives of type DFH21 have operated as the type D10H on the railways of vietnam from around 1980 onwards.

History and designEdit

The general design of a CR-8 locomotive was available in weights from 45 to 65 short tons (Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "[". to Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "[". Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "[".; Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "[". to Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "[". Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "[".) with installed power ranging from 400 to 1,000 horsepower (Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "[". to Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character "[". kW), using twin engines with hydraulic transmission via a cardan shaft final drive, in gauges from 3 ft (914 mm) to 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm).[1]

The locomotives used in Vietnam were built by the Plymouth Locomotive Works, USA in the 1960s using two General Motors 12V7 two stroke V12 engines.[4]. They were in 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) The locomotives were originally though to have been operated on the Royal State Railways of Siam (RSR) as numbers 2001-10 during 1963/4.[4][n 1] The locomotives were transferred to South Vietnam in the late 1960s during the period of US involvement in the Vietnam war, and operated as numbers 1988 to 1997 by the US Army. After the end of the Vietnam war in 1975 the class were renumbered as D10H numbers 31 to 40 by the Vietnam Railways.[4]

Several units were operated in the USA by industrial operators, as well as MBTA and BART. A higher weight class, the CR-8XT,[n 5] was operated companies including Bethlehem Steel and the Jones and Laughlin Steel Company.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Jane's world railways and rapid transit systems, Franklin Watts, 1978, p. 95, http://books.google.co.uk/books?ei=8RdEUP2sNoPV0QWY1YHwBw&id=2Qg7AAAAMAAJ
  2. "Plymouth Locomotive Works", Railway Age, 1976, http://waidephoto.smugmug.com/Trains/Vintage-Railroad/14655704_xRs6bD#!i=1864795627&k=JHNPHb3&lb=1&s=A, advert, reproduced via waidephoto.smugmug.com
  3. International Railway Journal, 7, 1967, http://books.google.co.uk/books?ei=twVEUNq9H6i-0QWhzIGoAQ&id=avI6AAAAMAAJ, advert
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Gurnett, David, "First D10H/Plymouth CR-8b , Bo-Bo Diesel Hydraulic", Railways in Vietnam (railwaysinvietnam.com), http://railwaysinvietnam.com/firstD10H.html, retrieved Sep 2012
  5. 5.0 5.1 Chamberlain, Clint, ed., "Plymouth 40-120T Ind Railroad Locomotives", www.northeast.railfan.net, http://www.northeast.railfan.net/diesel124.html, retrieved Sep 2012
  6. Diesel and gas turbine progress, 1963, p. 34, http://books.google.co.uk/books?ei=twVEUNq9H6i-0QWhzIGoAQ&id=SW09AQAAIAAJ, "Plymouth, located in the Ohio city of the same name [..] has just delivered ten of its model CR8-S diesel-hydraulic locomotives to the US Army Aviation and Surface Material Command for undisclosed foreign service."

NotesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 In 'Diesel and gas turbine progress, (1963), ten CR-8 locomotives were noted as having been delivered to the US army (United States Army Aviation and Missile Command).[6]
  2. Also quoted as being available in versions from 40 to 120 short tons (Expression error: Unexpected < operator. to Expression error: Unexpected < operator. Expression error: Unexpected < operator.; Expression error: Unexpected < operator. to Expression error: Unexpected < operator. Expression error: Unexpected < operator.).[3]
  3. 3.0 3.1 Some units renumbered to within range 1001 to 1010. Not all units received numbers in range 31 to 40.[4]
  4. USA operated units varied from the specifications of the units used in Vietnam.[5]
  5. The CR-8XT was available in weights from 70 to 120 short tons (Expression error: Unexpected < operator. to Expression error: Unexpected < operator. Expression error: Unexpected < operator.; Expression error: Unexpected < operator. to Expression error: Unexpected < operator. Expression error: Unexpected < operator.).[1]

External linksEdit

fr:D10H diesel

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