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| type = | image = PBR Mark II forward twin MG.jpg | imageright = | class = | style = | textstyle = | text = {{{text}}} | small = | smallimage = | smallimageright = | smalltext = | subst = | date = | name = }} Beehive is an anti-personnel round fired from an artillery gun. The round is packed with metal flechettes which are ejected from the shell during flight by a mechanical time fuze. It is so called because of the 'buzzing' sound the darts make when flying through the air. It is intended for use in direct fire against enemy troops.

The first round actually termed "beehive" was first fired in combat in 1966[1] and was thereafter used extensively in the Vietnam War, though the later development of the Killer Junior air burst technique provided an alternative to beehive in some situations. The primary beehive round for this purpose was the M546 anti-personnel tracer (APERS-T) shell which projected 8000 flechettes and was direct fired from a near horizontally leveled 105 mm howitzer.[2] Beehive rounds were also created for recoilless anti-tank weapons including 90 mm, 106 mm, Ontoses[3] and M48 tanks.

Subsequently it was reported that the USSR had developed similar rounds for 122 mm and 152 mm artillery for use in indirect fire.

Beehive rounds became less popular in the United States following Vietnam, with low-angle airburst techniques such as Killer Junior supplanting the use of beehive.


ReferencesEdit

  1. Major General David Ewing Ott. FIELD ARTILLERY, 1954-1973. Department of the Army. Washington D.C., 1975.
  2. M546 APERS-T 105-mm
  3. ONTOS, the world's biggest shot gun

External linksEdit

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