Type Rifle, Handgun
Place of origin 22x20px USA
Production history
Designed 1965
Parent case .223 Remington
Case type Rimless, bottleneck
Bullet diameter 0.243 (6 mm)
Neck diameter 0.272 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Shoulder diameter 0.354 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Base diameter 0.377 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Rim diameter 0.378 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Rim thickness 0.045 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Case length 1.76 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Case capacity 26.9 gr H2O (1.749 cm³)
Primer type Small rifle
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy
75 gr (Bad rounding hereScript error g) SP2,700 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s)1,214 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J)
80 gr (Bad rounding hereScript error g) SP2,650 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s)1,248 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J)
90 gr (Bad rounding hereScript error g) SP2,540 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s)1,300 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J)
100 gr (Bad rounding hereScript error g) SP2,400 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s)1,279 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J)

The 6×45mm is a rimless, bottlenecked cartridge based on the .223 Remington or 5.56 NATO cartridge necked up to .243 (6mm). The cartridge is also known as the 6mm-223 Remington or 6mm/223.


Soon after the release of the .223 Remington as a commercial cartridge, shooters began experimenting with the cartridge in an attempt to improve its performance.[1] Several of these experimenters necked up the .223 Remington to 6mm as the .24 (6.1 mm) caliber bullets provided better external ballistic performance over .22 (5.7 mm) caliber bullets. While several variation existed between early versions of these cartridges, the 6×45mm as we know it today became the standard version of the cartridge which is simply a necked up version of the .223 Remington without any further modifications or improvements made to it.

General InformationEdit

The cartridge’s inherent accuracy was a carry over from the .222 Remington which already had a loyal following in benchrest shooting fraternity.[2] Benchrest shooters soon took notice of the cartridge and began building custom rifles chambered for the cartridge. As a testament to the 6×45mm’s accuracy, Jim Stekl, who at that time managed Remington’s custom shop and developer of the .22 BR cartridge, scored an aggregate record of .3069 inches (Bad rounding hereScript error mm) in the 1973 IBS 200 yard Sporter category. However, its use in competitive shooting waned with the arrival of the 6mm BR and 6mm PPC cartridges on the benchrest shooting scene.[3]

The advantage of the 6×45mm over the .223 Remington is that it is capable of being loaded with heavier bullets with better ballistic coefficient ratings than its parent cartridge, the .223 Remington. This results in a flatter trajectory, less susceptible to wind drift and with better energy retention characteristics.

The cartridge is extremely efficient with its small powder charge. This translated to excellent barrel life. The cartridge has a very low recoil and muzzle blast which make it a pleasant cartridge to shoot.

Since the cartridge was never commercially adopted by an ammunition manufacturer, it has remained a wildcat cartridge since its inception. However, making cases from existing .223 Remington brass is as simple as running the case through a 6×45mm die. The availability of .223 cases, the ease of forming, and the light power charge make for a very affordable shooting cartridge.


The advantage of the 6×45 mm over the .223 Remington is that it is capable of being loaded with heavier bullets with better ballistic coefficient ratings than its parent cartridge, the .223 Remington. This results in a flatter trajectory (with bullets of similar weight), less susceptibility to wind drift and better energy retention characteristics.

Cartridge Criteria Muzzle 50 yd (Bad rounding hereScript error m) 100 yd (Bad rounding hereScript error m) 150 yd (Bad rounding hereScript error m) 200 yd (Bad rounding hereScript error m) 300 yd (Bad rounding hereScript error m)
.223 Remington 55 grains (Bad rounding hereScript error g) Sierra FMJ-BT[4] Velocity 3,300 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s) 3,110 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s) 2,929 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s) 2,754 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s) 2,587 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s) 2,269 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s)
Energy 1,330 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J) 1,181 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J) 1,047 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J) 926 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J) 817 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J) 629 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J)
6×45mm 90 grains (Bad rounding hereScript error g) Sierra FMJ-BT[3] Velocity 2,700 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s) 2,580 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s) 2,462 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s) 2,348 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s) 2,237 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s) 2,023 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s)
Energy 1,457 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J) 1,330 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J) 1,212 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J) 1,102 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J) 1,000 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J) 818 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J)
Values courtesy of the Hornady Ballistic Calculator[5]

Cartridge SpecificationsEdit

The 6×45 mm is a wildcat cartridge and has not been standardized by any agency nor has it been offered a proprietary cartridge by any ammunition manufacturer. Some specialty rifle makers such as those that sell varmint rifles offer rifles chambered in this cartridge.[6] Specifications for the cartridge are derived from the necked up parent cartridge without further improvement.

6×45mm - all dimensions in inches (mm)

The cartridge maximum overall length is nominally given as 2.230-inch (Bad rounding hereScript error mm), however, as the cartridge is a wildcat cartridge chamber dimensions may vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. For this reason overall length of the cartridge may vary.

Hunting ApplicationsEdit

Many countries and many U.S. states require a minimum of .24 caliber (6.1 mm) for hunting certain game species, such as deer. In such countries and states the 6×45mm would be legal for hunting as long as no further requirement regarding power, energy, or case length is stipulated. However, it should be considered a marginal cartridge for these game species at best.[7]

The cartridge gained a following in South Africa where it was used to hunt small antelope and gazelle species such as duiker, impala, klipspringer, springbok and the Thompson’s gazelles. In North America it is capable of taking small predator species such as bobcats, coyotes and foxes. In Europe, it can be used for small goat and deer species such as the roe deer and chamois where legally permitted.

An improved version of the cartridge called the 6mm TCU was developed for metallic silhouette shooting. While the cartridges are quite similar they are not interchangeable.[8]

Platform AvailabilityEdit

The AR-15/M-16 can easily be converted to the 6×45mm with a simple barrel swap with few or no further modifications to the rifle. This is also true for rifles such as Ruger’s Mini 14 and most bolt action rifles chambered for the .223 Remington cartridge.[1] The 6×45mm cartridge provides better down range performance than the .223 Remington or the 5.56 NATO cartridges. The cartridge had been offered by Cooper Arms, Kimber and a few other rifle manufacturers in their rifles as a regular factory chambering for a period of time.[3]

However, the cartridge’s breakthrough was in the area of handgun hunting where it became very popular. The bolt action Remington XP-100 pistol and the break-open Thompson/Center Contender handgun were chambered for the cartridge.[1] It provided a flat shooting cartridge capable of taking small deer and small game species.

See alsoEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Script error
  2. Script error
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Script error
  4. Script error
  5. Script error
  6. Script error
  7. Script error
  8. Script error

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.