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.442 Webley
File:442 Webley.JPG
.44 Bull Dog (Peters), .44 Webley (UMC) and .442 Revolver (Eley)
Type Revolver
Place of origin 22x20px United Kingdom
Production history
Designed 1868
Produced 1868-1950s
Specifications
Case type rimmed, straight
Bullet diameter .444 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Neck diameter .448 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Base diameter .454 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Rim diameter .500 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Case length .657 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Overall length 1.133 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Rifling twist 1:20
Primer type Large
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy
200 gr (Bad rounding hereScript error g) (Kynoch ball, factory load)700 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s)239 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J)
200 gr (Bad rounding hereScript error g) (Remington factory load)715 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s)230 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J)
Source(s): Barnes & Amber 1972

The .442 Webley (also known as the ".442 Revolver Centre Fire" in Great Britain, the "10.5x17mmR" or ".442 Kurz" in Europe, and ".44 Webley" or ".442 R.I.C." in the United States)[1] is a British centrefire revolver cartridge.

Introduced in 1868, the .442 (11.2mm) Webley round was used in the Webley RIC revolver. This was the standard service weapon of the Royal Irish Constabulary[2] (RIC, whence the revolver's name), which were also chambered in (among others) .450 Adams and 476/.455.[3] Lt. Col. George Custer is believed to have carried a pair of RIC revolvers (presented to him in 1869 by Lord Berkley Paget)[4] at the Battle of the Little Bighorn.[5][6][7]

A black powder round, the .442 originally used a 15-19 gr (0.972-1.23 g) charge behind a 200-220 gr (13-14.3 g) bullet.[8] This loading was later joined by a smokeless variety.[8]

At one time, the .442 Webley was a popular chambering in self-defence or "pocket" guns (so named for being designed to be carried in a pocket, what today might be a known as a snubnose or carry gun), such as the widely copied Webley British Bulldog pocket revolver.[9] [10] The .442 Webley should not be confused with the short, low-powered .44 Bulldog cartridge offered by American manufacturers as an optional loading for .442 Webley caliber arms.[9]

The cartridge was moderately effective,[11] being roughly similar in power to the contemporary .38 S&W,[12] .41 Colt,[13] or .44 S&W American,[14] and somewhat less potent than the later 7.65mm Parabellum,[15] .38 Special[16] or .45 ACP.[17] As a consequence, it was not very suitable at anything but close range.[2]

Smokeless .442 Webley loads continued to be commercially offered in the U.S. until 1940[8] and in the United Kingdom and Europe until the 1950s.
File:44WEB.jpg


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Barnes, p.170, ".44 Webley/.44 R.I.C.".
  2. 2.0 2.1 Barnes, p.170, ".44 Webley/.44 R.I.C."
  3. Dowell, William Chipchase. The Webley Story (Kirkland, WA: Commonwealth Heritage Foundation, 1987), p.62.
  4. Elman, Robert. Fired in Anger: The Personal Handguns of American Heroes and Villains (Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, 1968), p.232.
  5. Elman, p.231.
  6. Script error
  7. Script error
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Barnes, p.170, ".44 Webley/.44 R.I.C."
  9. 9.0 9.1 Dowell, p.68.
  10. Script error
  11. Barnes, p.170, ".44 Webley".
  12. Barnes, p.163, ".38 Smith & Wesson".
  13. Barnes, p.170, ".44 Webley/.44 R.I.C.", and p.165, ".41 Long Colt".
  14. Barnes, p.167, ".44 Smith & Wesson American", & p.170, ".44 Webley/.44 R.I.C."
  15. Barnes, p.153, ".30 (7.65mm) Parabellum".
  16. Barnes, p.163, ".38 Smith & Wesson Special".
  17. Barnes, p.171, ".45 Automatic".

SourcesEdit

  • Barnes, Frank C., ed. by John T. Amber. ".44 Webley/.44 R.I.C.", in Cartridges of the World, pp. 170 & 177. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • ______ and _____. ".30 (7.65mm) Parabellum", in Cartridges of the World, p. 153. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • ______ and _____. ".38 Smith & Wesson", in Cartridges of the World, p. 163. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • ______ and _____. ".38 Smith & Wesson Special", in Cartridges of the World, p. 163. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • ______ and _____. ".41 Long Colt", in Cartridges of the World, p. 165. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • ______ and _____. ".44 Smith & Wesson American", in Cartridges of the World, p. 167. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • ______ and _____. ".45 Automatic", in Cartridges of the World, p. 171. Northfield, IL: DBI Books, 1972. ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
  • Dowell, William Chipchase. The Webley Story. Kirkland, WA: Commonwealth Heritage Foundation, 1987.
  • Elman, Robert. Fired in Anger: The Personal Handguns of American Heroes and Villains. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, 1968.
  • Ficken, H. R.. Webley's The British Bull Dog Revolver, Serial Numbering and Variations". Retrieved on 2006-08-03.

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