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.338 Federal
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.338 Federal between .308 Winchester (left) and .358 Winchester (right)
Type Rifle
Place of origin USA
Production history
Designer Federal Cartridge / Sako
Manufacturer Federal Cartridge
Produced 2006
Specifications
Parent case .308 Winchester
Case type Rimless, bottleneck
Bullet diameter .338 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Neck diameter .369 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Shoulder diameter .454 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Base diameter .470 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Rim diameter .473 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Rim thickness .049 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Case length 2.01 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Overall length 2.75 in (Bad rounding hereScript error mm)
Primer type Large rifle
Maximum pressure 62,000 psi
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy
180 gr (Bad rounding hereScript error g) Accubond2,830 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s)3,202 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J)
185 gr (Bad rounding hereScript error g) TSX2,750 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s)3,107 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J)
210 gr (Bad rounding hereScript error g) Nos Part2,630 ft/s (Bad rounding hereScript error m/s)3,226 ft·lbf (Bad rounding hereScript error J)
Source(s): Cartridges of the World [1]

The .338 Federal is a rifle cartridge based on the .308 Winchester case necked up to .33 caliber. It was created by Federal Cartridge and Sako in 2006 and intended as a big game cartridge with reasonable recoil for lightweight rifles.[1]

ComparisonEdit

In terms of performance, the .338 Federal compares favorably with cartridges that have similar capacities and purposes. It has less recoil yet similar muzzle velocity and energy compared to the 7mm Remington Magnum in bullets of the same weight while having greater energy than the .30-06 Springfield. The .300 Winchester Magnum is also a worthwhile comparison despite the .300's considerably higher recoil. Also included in the table below is the older .358 Winchester, another cartridge based on the .308.

.338 Federal Performance Comparison
Cartridge Bullet Weight Muzzle velocity Muzzle energy Load[a] Recoil in 8 lb (Bad rounding hereScript error kg) rifle
gr g ft/s m/s ft·lbf J gr g ft·lbf J
.338 Federal 210 Bad rounding hereScript error 2,630 Bad rounding hereScript error 3,226 Bad rounding hereScript error 47 Bad rounding hereScript error 21.71 Bad rounding hereScript error
.338 Federal 180 Bad rounding hereScript error 2,830 Bad rounding hereScript error 3,202 Bad rounding hereScript error 47 Bad rounding hereScript error 19.27 Bad rounding hereScript error
7mm Rem Mag 175 Bad rounding hereScript error 2,860 Bad rounding hereScript error 3,178 Bad rounding hereScript error 63 Bad rounding hereScript error 22.44 Bad rounding hereScript error
.300 Win Mag 180 Bad rounding hereScript error 2,960 Bad rounding hereScript error 3,502 Bad rounding hereScript error 73 Bad rounding hereScript error 27.12 Bad rounding hereScript error
.30-06 180 Bad rounding hereScript error 2,750 Bad rounding hereScript error 3,022 Bad rounding hereScript error 56 Bad rounding hereScript error 20.48 Bad rounding hereScript error
.308 Win 180 Bad rounding hereScript error 2,600 Bad rounding hereScript error 2,703 Bad rounding hereScript error 45 Bad rounding hereScript error 16.02 Bad rounding hereScript error
.358 Win 200 Bad rounding hereScript error 2,490 Bad rounding hereScript error 2,753 Bad rounding hereScript error 49 Bad rounding hereScript error 19.08 Bad rounding hereScript error

RiflesEdit

Sako,[2] Kimber Manufacturing,[3] Tikka, and Ruger[4] offered bolt action rifles. ArmaLite,[5] JP Enterprises,[6] LMT and DPMS Panther Arms[7] offered semi-automatic rifles in .338 Federal as of November 2008.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Cartridges of the World 11th Edition, Book by Frank C. Barnes, Edited by Stan Skinner, Gun Digest Books, 2006, ISBN 0-89689-297-2 pp.75,104
  2. Sako 85 website, retrieved 26 Feb 2010
  3. Kimber 84M webpage, retrieved 17 Nov 2008
  4. Ruger website, retrieved 17 Nov 2008
  5. ArmaLite website, retrieved 21 Feb 2009
  6. [1], retrieved 9 Dec 2012
  7. Panther LR-338L, retrieved 17 Nov 2008

NotesEdit

  • ^[a] Load values specify typical powder weight for this level of performance.

External linksEdit

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