|Place of origin||United States|
|Variants||.257 Roberts (+P), .257 Roberts Ackley Improved|
|Parent case||7x57 Mauser|
|Case type||rimless bottlenecked |
|Bullet diameter||.257 in (Script error mm)|
|Neck diameter||.290 in (Script error mm)|
|Shoulder diameter||.430 in (Script error mm)|
|Base diameter||.472 in (Script error mm)|
|Rim diameter||.473 in (Script error mm)|
|Case length||2.233 in (Script error mm)|
|Overall length||2.775 in (Script error mm)|
|Primer type||large rifle|
|75 gr (Script error g) HP||3,563 ft/s (Script error m/s)||2,115 ft·lbf (Script error J)|
|90 gr (Script error g) HPBT||3,368 ft/s (Script error m/s)||2,267 ft·lbf (Script error J)|
|100 gr (Script error g) SPBT||3,108 ft/s (Script error m/s)||2,145 ft·lbf (Script error J)|
|115 gr (Script error g) NOS PART||2,777 ft/s (Script error m/s)||1,970 ft·lbf (Script error J)|
|Source(s): Hodgdon |
The .257 Roberts a medium powered .25 caliber cartridge known affectionately as the Bob. It has been described as the best compromise between the low recoil and flat trajectory of smaller calibers such as the .22 and 6mm, and the strong energy but not the strong recoil of larger popular hunting calibers, such as the 7mm family and the popular .30-06.
Many cartridge designers in the 1920s were creating various .25 caliber cartridges. Because of its size, the 7x57mm Mauser case was a common choice, having near the ideal volume capacity for the "quarter-bore" (called this because the .25 caliber is one quarter of an inch) using powders available at that time. Ned Roberts is usually credited with being the designer for this cartridge idea. Eventually in 1934 Remington Arms chose to introduce their own commercial version of such a cartridge, and although it wasn't the exact dimensions of the wildcat made by Roberts, they called it the .257 Roberts.
From its introduction until the appearance of more popular 6mm cartridges such as .243 Winchester and 6 mm Remington, it was a very popular general purpose cartridge. Today, although overshadowed by other cartridges, it lives on with bolt-action rifles being available from some major manufacturers.
Conversion of war-souvenir Japanese Arisaka riflesEdit
Japanese Type 38 Arisaka rifles brought to the United States as wartime souvenirs were sometimes converted by rechambering to utilize more readily available .257 Roberts cartridge cases because commercially produced 6.5x50mm Arisaka cartridges were scarce prior to distribution by Norma Projektilfabrik A/S. The neck of the Roberts case would be slightly enlarged to accept handloaded 6.5mm bullets. The modified Roberts cases are sometimes known as 6.5x.257 Roberts, although the case headstamp may still indicate .257 Roberts. Neither unmodified .257 Roberts ammunition nor the original 6.5x50mm Arisaka ammunition are suitable for firing in rechambered Arisaka rifles.
With light bullets the .257 produces little recoil and has a flat trajectory suitable for varmint hunting. With heavier bullets it is capable of taking all but the largest North American game animals. The original factory load for this is very similar to the .250-3000 Savage.
Remington introduced the commercial version of this popular wildcat as a low-pressure round. At the time there were many older actions available of questionable strength. With a modern action and handloading, this cartridge is capable of markedly improved performance.
P.O. Ackley said that the .257 Roberts Ackley Improved was probably the most useful all-around cartridge. The Ackley Improved was a typical change of a steeper shoulder coupled with blown-out sides for more of a straight cartridge, providing greater powder capacity.
|cartridge||Bullet Weight||Muzzle Velocity (ft/sec)||Muzzle Energy (ft·lbf)|
|.250-3000 Savage ||100||2864||1822|
|.257 Roberts ||100||2898||1865|
|.257 Roberts (+P) ||100||3048||2063|
|.257 Roberts Ackley Improved ||100||3279*||2388*|
|.25 WSSM ||100||3264||2366|
|.25-06 Remington ||100||3283||2394|
|.257 Weatherby Magnum ||100||3512*||2839*|
- using a 26" barrel.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Cartridge info at Accurate Powder
- ↑ .257 Roberts data at Hodgdon
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 The .257 Roberts (.257 Roberts +P) by Chuck Hawks (membership required)
- ↑ The .257 Roberts by Chuck Hawks
- ↑ Speer Wildcat Rifle Loads Speer Products Company (1956) p.35
- ↑ Davis, William C., Jr. Handloading National Rifle Association (1981) ISBN=0-935998-34-9 p.170
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 .27 Roberts (+P) load data at Accurate Powder
- ↑ Script error
- ↑ .250-3000 Savage load data at Accurate Powder
- ↑ .257 Roberts Ackley Imp Load data at Accurate Powder
- ↑ .25 WSSM Hodgdon Online Reload data
- ↑ .25-06 load data at Accurate Powder
- ↑ .257 Weatherby Magnum load data at Accurate Powder
- Script error